Leaders from all sides of the world has joined Kenyans in eulogising the deathof the second head of state, Daniel Toroiticharap Moi, who died at around 5.30 am on Tuesday at the Nairobi Hospital.
Moi who has died aged 95 will be remembered for being the longest serving president having severd for 24 years from 1978-2002, in a regime that was characterised by lack of freedom, dictorship, political repression.
Daniel was born in 2 September 1924 in Kabarak village, Baringo and four years later his father died a situatio that caused his uncle Kimoi Chebii , in a Tugen sub group of Kalenjin. He started his career as a teacher after graduating from Tambach Teacher Training College between 1945 to 1955 before he joined politics.
He was elected as a ember of the Legislative Council for Rift Valley in 1955, to replace former representative Dr John Ole Tameno due to being a drunkard. Moi become the third president of Kenya from 1967 to 1978 after Jaramogi Odinga resigned from the office of founding father, Jomo Kennyatta.
After Kenyatta died in 1978, he succeeded him in an era that had no political democracy, oppression of government in power but due to pressure, he was pinned to allow muiltipartism in 1991 though still he won the 1992 and 1997 elections.
Moi was popularly known to Kenyans as Nyayo, a Swahili word for “footsteps”, a term that referred to following the footsteps of firts President, Jomo. He wa known being a person who walked to all areas of the country marking political territories as well as elevating the agriculture, tourism and education sector. He as introduced free milk for children commonly known as “Maziwa ya Moi”.
Broadcasting stations at his era were controlled by the state, corruption was rampant at his regime, opression of the less fortunate in addition to being a dictator and abuse of power. He also did remove officials from the independent bodies among the Judiciary.
Economic crisis became worse in 1982 when there was an attempted coupby air force officers. The 2100 air force officers were arrested, others imprisonised and everyone was ordered to follow his party.
Despite wanting for more time in power after 2002 elections, he was barred by the consitution for vieng, a chance that landed in Mwai Kibaki’s favour be became his successor.
Moi was married to Lenaand had eight children, five boys and three daughters. Though they separated in 1974, his wife died in 2004 and son Jonathan Moi also left us last year. The surviving sons includes Gideo Moi, the Baringo Senator,Philip, Raymond and John Mark, and by their daughters Jennifer, Doris and June.
After leaving the presidency, he lived quietly, largely shunned by Kenya’s political establishment, but drew crowds in public. In 2005, he opposed a new constitution, which was defeated in a referendum. In 2007, he was named a special envoy to Sudan. In August 2017, Moi was found to have dementia, two years later was hospitalized of critical conditions at the Nairobi hospital. He was released last year but again was hospitalized for knee surgery.
Moi has had remained an iconic element as he has been a source of advice to many among them Raila Odinga, president Kenyatta and Kalonzo Musyoka among others.